It’s a property portfolio worth billions but just what land does the Queen actually own?
The monarch holds property in several ways – there is private property belonging to the Queen herself and the land she owns in right of her Crown.
The private property belonging to the Queen includes Sandringham and Balmoral. Other Royal Palaces and the Royal Parks are owned by the Crown, as is a large quantity of land known as the Crown Estate.
The Crown Estate belongs to the reigning monarch during their reign.
However, it is not their private property – it cannot be sold by the monarch, nor do revenues from it belong to the monarch.
The Government also does not own The Crown Estate. It is managed by an independent organisation, with surplus revenue from the estate paid to the Treasury.
Occupied Royal Palaces are maintained by the Royal Household Property Section, unoccupied palaces are the responsibility of Historic Royal
Palaces, and the Royal Parks are managed by the Royal Parks charity on behalf of the Government.
The Land Registry publishes information about commercial owners of property, which includes information on land owned by the Crown Estate and the Duchy of Lancaster.
According to the Land Registry, these organisations own land in 217 out of 348 districts in England and Wales – a total of 7,936 plots.
The Crown Estate owns around half of the UK’s foreshore (the bit of land exposed between high tide and low tide), some substantial areas of coastline and virtually all the UK’s seabed from average low tide to the 12 nautical mile limit.
It also owns mineral rights across around 115,000 hectares where it does not own the surface land. Naturally occurring gold and silver in the UK, collectively known as “Mines Royal”, are managed by the Crown Estate.
What does the Crown own in Devon and Cornwall?
foreshore and bed of the River Plym
land at Plymouth Hoe, Citadel Road, Plymouth
The Royal Citadel, Plymouth (PL1 2PD)
foreshore and bed of the River Exe
foreshore at Beer, Seaton
foreshore at Branscombe, Seaton
foreshore at Budleigh Salterton
foreshore at Littlecombe Shoot, Branscombe, Seaton
foreshore at Otterton, Budleigh Salterton
foreshore at Sidmouth
Land at Prestaller Farm, Axminster (EX13 5RY)
Land lying to the south east of White Cliff, New Road, Beer, Seaton
1-11 Sidwell Street, Exeter (EX4 6NN)
1-15 High Street, Exeter (EX4 3LH)
1-29 (Odd) Paris Street, Exeter (EX1 2JB)
162-166 Sidwell Street, Exeter (EX4 6RH)
171-182 Sidwell Street, Exeter (EX4 6RL)
183-187 Sidwell Street, Exeter (EX4 6RD)
188 Sidwell Street, Exeter (EX4 6RD)
31A-31D Sidwell Street, Exeter (EX4 6NN)
31E Sidwell Street, Exeter (EX4 6NN)
Broadwalk House, Southernhay West, Exeter (EX1 1WF)
foreshore and bed of the River Clyst
Land at Bedford Street, Princesshay Square, Exeter
Land at Cheeke Street, Exeter
land at Retreat Boatyard, Topsham, Exeter
Land on the north west side of Bampfylde Street, Exeter (EX1 2AH)
land on the south west side of Ferry Road, Topsham, Exeter
part of Sidwell House 160 Sidwell Street, Exeter (EX4 6RR)
the airspace above the property known as Strikers, 26/28 Longbrook Street, Exeter
foreshore and bed at Long Bridge, River Taw
foreshore at Braunton
foreshore at Elwill Bay, Lynton
foreshore at Foreland Point, Lynmouth
foreshore at Foreland Point, Lynton
foreshore at Hartland, Bideford
foreshore at Heddons Mouth, Lynton
foreshore at Lynmouth
foreshore at Morte Point, Mortehoe, Woolacombe
foreshore at Putsborough, Braunton
foreshore at Rockham Bay, Mortehoe, Woolacombe
foreshore at Woody Bay, Parracombe, Barnstaple
foreshore at Woolacombe
foreshore and bed of the River Yealm,
foreshore at Bigbury on Sea
foreshore at Bolt Head, Malborough, Kingsbridge
foreshore at Bolt Tail, Malborough, Kingsbridge
foreshore at Hallsands, Beesands
foreshore at Ham Stone, East Prawle, Kingsbridge
foreshore at Hope Cove, Kingsbridge
foreshore at Lannacombe Bay, Lannacombe, Chivelstone, Kingsbridge
foreshore at Newton Ferrers
foreshore at Noss Mayo
foreshore at Prawle Point
foreshore at Scabbacombe Head
foreshore at Slapton Sands, Torcross, Kingsbridge
foreshore at Start Point, Kingsbridge
foreshore at Stoke Fleming, Dartmouth
foreshore at Stoke Point, Holbeton, Plymouth
foreshore at Strete, Dartmouth
foreshore at Thurlestone, Kingsbridge
foreshore at Wembury Bay, Noss Mayo, Plymouth
land adjoining Newton Creek, Newton Ferrers
land adjoining The River Yealm
land at Yealm Road, Newton Ferrers
foreshore and bed of the River Exe
foreshore and bed of the River Teign
foreshore at Babbacombe Bay, Maidencombe, Torquay
foreshore at Dawlish
foreshore at Teignmouth
Rosehill Farm, Fluder Hill, Kingskerswell, Newton Abbot (TQ12 4SX)
foreshore at Brixham
foreshore at Tor Bay, Churston Ferrers, Brixham
foreshore at Torquay
foreshore at Watcombe Head, Torquay
foreshore and bed of the River Torridge
foreshore at Abbotsham
foreshore at Appledore
foreshore at Hartland Point
foreshore at Hartland Quay
Foreshore at Lundy Island
foreshore at Milford
foreshore at Westward Ho!
foreshore at Windbury Point, Hartland, Bideford
land and foreshore at Appledore
land and foreshore at Bideford Long Bridge
land lying to the north east of Kingsley Road, Bideford
all mines minerals and mineral substances whatsoever under the land on the south east side of Pindale Road, Hope, Hope Valley, Cornwall